Here are some ways to distinguish closed-mindedness and open-mindedness in others
1. Don’t want ideas challenged vs. Curious about why there is a disagreement.
2. More likely to make statements than ask questions vs. Genuinely believe they can be wrong and ask genuine questions.
3. Focus more on being understood than understanding vs. Feel compelled to see things through others’ eyes.
4. Say things like “I could be wrong, but here’s my opinion” vs. Know when to make statements and when to ask questions.
5. Block others from speaking vs. More interested in listening than speaking.
6. Have trouble holding two thoughts in their mind simultaneously vs. Can take in the thoughts of others without losing their ability to think well
7. Lack a deep sense of humility vs. Approach everything with a deep-seated fear that they may be wrong.
Principles by Ray Dalio